At the 2016 census the population was 598, an increase of 15.0% from the 2011 census.
Qikiqtarjuaq hosts an annual "Suicide Prevention Walk". Local participants would walk a total distance of 60 km across the tundra from Kivitoo, an old whaling station. Today the walk is much shorter than the original 2 and a half days, but it is still meant to promote hope among the community.
The community hosts a two-week celebration over the Christmas and New Year period every year. Visitors are warmly welcomed and encouraged to join the festivities and games.
Near Qikiqtarjuaq was the home of FOX-5, a Distant Early Warning Line and now a North Warning System site.
In July 2011, Qikiqtarjuaq was featured in the BBC Radio 4 comedy series Cabin Pressure.
Qikiqtarjuaq is situated off eastern Baffin Island. Davis Strait and Baffin Bay run to the east, and the Baffin Mountains are located to the west, more specifically the Arctic Cordillera mountain range. It is also one of the Nunavut communities closest to Greenland.
It is served by Qikiqtarjuaq Airport, (ICAO: CYVM), and a nine-room inn, the Tulugak Hotel. A Nurse and RCMP stations provide vital resources for the community. The Nurse Station is composed of two nurses plus local volunteers and assistants and the RCMP station is a one-person detachment but sometimes hosts two officers.
Qikiqtarjuaq is a popular stop for pilots who fly smaller aircraft to and from Europe. The airport has a 3,800 foot by 100 foot gravel runway that is well compacted, well cared for, cleared of snow daily, and lit. Qikiqtarjuaq is considerably closer to Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland than Iqaluit (CYFB). The instrument approach minima for the NDB approach at CYVM is relatively high (2,000 feet barometric, 1,982 AGL) due to high terrain surrounding the airport. An airport advisory service (Broughton Radio, a CARS) provides assistance to pilots during normal business hours, and provides weather observation services. An automatic weather observation service (AWOS) operates when Broughton Radio is unattended. The fuel supplier at the airport can assist with all ground handling arrangements, including transportation, parking, de-icing, and accommodations.
In the summer of 2010, construction began on the new airport terminal building, and a new Municipal office will be built in 2011. There is also an access road that was built to Tisunaaq, also known as Ceetee Land to the Elders, and another road is proposed to Qikiqtarjuaqruluk, or Old Broughton, an abandoned settlement. Kivitoo, an old whaling station, is located 90 km (56 mi) to the north and is currently abandoned.
The community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone. The Qiniq network is designed and operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, and 2G-GSM for mobile voice.
Qikiqtarjuaq has a tundra climate, with the warmest month averaging below 6 °C (43 °F).