Like most of northern East Java, the city has a large Madurese population in addition to many ethnically Javanese people. It is located on one of the major highways across Java, and has a harbor that is heavily used by fishing vessels.
Under the Dutch East Indies colonial administration, especially in the 19th century, Probolinggo was a lucrative regional center for refining and exporting sugar, and sugar remains an important product of the area.
The city is famous for its mangoes, locally called mangga manalagi. Strong dry-season winds from July to September, the angin gending, help the mango trees pollinate and are sometimes credited with being the source of the area's quality fruit. The city formerly produced grapes as well, but few grapes are grown in the area now.
The motto of the city is Bestari which is an abbreviation of bersih, sehat, tertib, aman, rapi, and indah.
In Probolinggo have one Junior Basketball Club and 2 Senior Club.
Andre Rizkyano (member Indonesia National Basketball Team SEABA U-16 And FIBA Asia U-16 Championship)
Bayu Armadito (Pacific Caecar)
Gege Nagata (Pacific Caecar)
Eko Sasmito (Pacific Caecar)
James Albert (DBL Selection to Australia 2014)
Adi Tri Bima (East Java Junior Team)
Akbar (East Java Junior Team)
Ahmad Junaidi (Pacific Junior Team)