Pocinho railway station is the eastern terminus of the Douro railway line; the community developed with the arrival of the railway in 1887. The railway formerly continued eastwards into Spain, but closed in 1988.
The Sabor line, a narrow gauge railway, formerly ran north-east from Pocinho over 100 km to Duas Igrejas. The Sabor line closed in 1988.
The Portuguese journalist, novelist and politician Francisco José Viegas was born in Pocinho on 14 March 1962.