Hatsukaichi is a city of some 120,000 people located in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. The name derives from a market traditionally held on the 20th of each month with hatsuka
meaning "20th day" and ichi
translating to "market". The market continues to this day on a small scale featuring fresh, locally grown vegetables and foodstuffs.
Following the absorption of the nearby towns of Ōno and Miyajima on November 3, 2005, Hatsukaichi has a population density of 239.36 persons per km². The total land area stands at 489.36 km².
- The name "Hatsuka-ichi" was from the ichi on the 20th of every month from Kamakura Period.
- "Hatsukaichi-machi", Saeki District, Hiroshima was founded on April 1, 1889.
- The city "Hatsukaichi" was founded on April 1, 1988.
- On March 1, 2003, the town of Saeki and the village of Yoshiwa, both from Saeki District, merged into the expanded city of Hatsukaichi.
- On November 3, 2005, the towns of Miyajima and Ōno (both from Saeki District) were merged into Hatsukaichi. Therefore, Saeki District was dissolved as a result of this merger.
- The Japanese Red Cross Hiroshima College of Nursing
- Sanyo Women's College
Points of interest
- Itsukushima Shrine - an UNESCO World Heritage Site on the island of Itsukushima (also known as Miyajima) - one of the three most beautiful sites in Japan.
- Marine Plaza Miyajima - an aquarium on Miyajima
- Miyajima Natural Botanical Garden
- Miyao Castle ruins, site of the Battle of Miyajima (1555)
- Miyajima Underwater Firework Festival, held in mid-August
- Hatsukaichi City is considered to be the birthplace of kendama, a traditional Japanese toy.
- Hatsukaichi can be accessed from Hiroshima city via the JR West Sanyo Line; on the Hiroden streetcar services' Miyajima Line; as well as by buses and boats.
- JR Miyajima Ferry and Miyajima Matsudai Kisen connect between Miyajimaguchi and Miyajima.
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