Bocas del Toro is served by Bocas del Toro "Isla Colón" International Airport which hosts daily commuter flights from and to Panama City and San José in neighboring Costa Rica.
The corregimento of Bocas del Toro has a land area of 67.3 square kilometres (26.0 sq mi) and had a population of 7,366 as of 2010, giving it a population density of 109.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (283/sq mi). Its population as of 1990 was 5,274; its population as of 2000 was 4,020.
Relatively few Panamanians live on the island, opting for cheaper housing on the mainland. Mainland residents working on Colón Island travel by boat. Bocas del Toro is a popular tourist destination year-round. The town is small enough that most places are within walking distance. The streets are arranged in a grid. Avenidas (avenues) run east-west and calles (streets) run north-south.
Under the Köppen climate classification, Bocas del Toro features a tropical rainforest climate. The area does not have a predictable dry season. The driest months are October, January, and March. During the course of the year Bocas del Toro sees a copious amount of precipitation. Bocas del Toro averages 3,458 millimetres (136.1 in) of rain per year. Temperatures are consistent all year (high: 83–90 °F [28–32 °C], low: 71–75 °F [22–24 °C]). Sunrise is normally around 6 AM, and sunset is around 6 PM local time. These times vary only slightly during the year.
Bocas del Toro is accessible by air or boat. Most visitors fly into Bocas del Toro "Isla Colón" International Airport from Costa Rica or Panama City. Ferries connect Almirante to Bocas del Toro. Buses run between David, Almirante, Changuinola, and the Costa Rican border. Islands and islets in the Bocas del Toro Archipelago are accessible only by private boat or water taxi. Many small communities line the string of islands and very few have roads. Many companies provide boat service to various islands and diving spots.
Bocas del Toro lacks some basic infrastructure. A generator plant provides power to the towns of Isla Colon, Carenero and Bastimentos. The community does have a waste water (sewage) treatment plant, but not the same quality as found in the United States. The town lacks a water filtration or treatment system.
Health care is available, but facilities are limited. A public health clinic operates in town.
Common medical problems include food and waterborne diseases, insect bites, sunburns, heat stress/stroke, and dehydration.
Bocas del Toro is still relatively unknown as a dive destination. However, it offers a great diversity of aquatic life around its islands.
Bocas del Toro offers a wide range of surf spots for different levels of experience, among them Black Rock, Carenero, and Wizard Beach, as well as Bastimentos Island. November to April are considered to be peak season, as well as summertime. Bocas del Toro also hosts (inter)national surf competitions.